Archive for November, 2014

buy kamagra

Nov 26

The prefix schizo means split, but schizophrenia is not the same thing as “split personality.” Mental health professionals were disappointed when a buy kamagra movie by comedian Jim Carrey re-introduced the error in 2000, referring to Carrey’s character, who had a multiple personality, as “schizophrenic.” Schizophrenia has nothing to do with multiple personality, and sufferers of Dissociative Identity Disorder (multiple personality) are seldom schizophrenic. The name schizophrenia comes from the gap that develops between a schizophrenic and reality. A schizophrenic may laugh at nothing, hear voices, or develop strange delusional systems, giving the impression of being split off from normal reality.

DSM-IV distinguishes between several different categories of schizophrenia. The categories are not mutually exclusive. Sometimes an individual buy kamagra shows symptoms of more than one type.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia is a buy kamagra miscellaneous category in DSM-IV. It is used for people who have suffered a psychotic break (lose contact with reality) but do not show enough other symptoms to permit classification into one of the other categories.

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Nov 26

Abnormal behavior can be defined in several different ways. More than ever, abnormal behavior syndromes such as schizophrenia, depression, and buy xanax online alcoholism are being related to genetics and brain diseases. However, as a practical matter, society intervenes when an abnormal behavior becomes a “harmful dysfunction”-that is, when a person seems to be doing real harm to self or others.

A social movement called deinstitutionalization spread throughout the United States and Canada in the 1960s and 1970s. Within a few decades, people were buy xanax online no longer being forced to stay in mental institutions against their will, unless it could be shown that they presented a “clear and present danger” to themselves or somebody else.

One problem with deinstitutionalization—the policy of releasing many people from mental hospitals—was that few community support services existed to care for people who were not able to care for themselves. Many of them ended up living on the streets. Homeless people became buy xanax online increasingly common in large North American cities during the 1970s and 1980s. Up to 60% of so-called “homeless” people had an identifiable mental disorder. In 1990 there were 3,600 “seriously mental ill” inmates in the Los Angeles County jail alone, making it the largest “de facto mental hospital” in the United States.

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Nov 26

When he buy lunesta online immigrated to the new world, Erik Homberger decided on a new identity for himself, changing his name to Erik H. Erikson. His choice of the name Erikson was never adequately explained. It was not the name of his biological father. Perhaps it was symbolic of his self-regenerated identity…that he was “son of himself.” Some say he wished his two sons to be known as “Erik’s sons.” Erikson is also a buy lunesta online good Danish name, and both of Erik’s biological parents had been Danes.

Erikson was a close friend of Sigmund Freud and never renounced Freud’s theory, claiming instead to be building upon its foundations. However, Hjelle and Ziegler (1992) identify buy lunesta online four ways in which Erikson departed from Freud’s assumptions.

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Nov 26

Jung coined the term “self-actualization” which was later picked up and emphasized by the humanistic psychology movement, notably buy ativan online by Abraham Maslow (discussed in Chapter 9, Motivation) and Carl Rogers (discussed in Chapter 13, Therapies). Jung believed in something he called individuation that was growth and development of the personality. It did not stop in early adulthood; Jung said; it continued throughout life and flowered in middle- to old-age. Even a very old person, if willing to look deep within, was buy ativan online likely to discover surprising and useful insights, according to Jung. That is a modern-sounding idea and Jung was one of the first people to put forward the idea of lifelong growth and development in personality.

Alfred Adler was born in 1870, the second of six children in a family who lived in the suburbs of Vienna. Adler was invited to join Freud’s “circle” after defending Freud at a lecture. Like Jung, he later broke with Freud over Freud’s insistence that members of the Vienna Circle endorse Freud’s sexual theory. It is said that Freud always looked down on Adler, while Freud regarded Jung a powerful man of ideas. Adler buy ativan online naturally resented this and was always quick to correct people who referred to him as a follower of Freud. He said he was merely an acquaintance, not a follower.

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Nov 26

Jung also identified two irrational types of personality. These are people who rely on perception or intuition to guide decision-making. They tend to be buy ambien online rooted in the present, and they are more likely to make snap decisions or do impulsive things. Some irrational types emphasize sensation. They respond to external stimuli and are quite attentive to sensory perceptions, which guide their actions in a way they would be at a loss to explain. Such a person might be found wandering in a meadow on a pleasant morning, drinking in the sights and sounds, or spending all night at a nightclub, for no reason the person could identify except “liking it.”

Other irrational types use intuition , which Jung defined as unconsciously derived inner knowledge or knowledge of unknown origin. Like the sensation-oriented person, the intuitive person reacts or makes decisions without knowing exactly why. Decisions “happen”-they are not carefully buy ambien online plotted out. This is like the perceptual type. However, in the intuitive type, the information that guides a decision comes from inside rather than outside.

Jung said all four patterns are present in all people to some degree, but one or two usually dominate the personality. An intuitive person was not likely to be tuned in to sensory stimuli, for example. However, individuals were not doomed to be limited in this way, locked into one way of making decisions. Jung felt that a goal of personality development was to have access to as many of your talents and abilities as buy ambien online possible, which meant getting familiar with all four “function types.” So you could be (for example) an extraverted, irrational type oriented toward sensations…but have a little of the feeling characteristics, too.

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